Anesthesia means “without sensation” or a “reversible lack of awareness”. The three main categories of anesthesia are general, regional and local.
General Anesthesia – Patient is unconscious and has no awareness of the surgical procedure or other sensations.
Regional Anesthesia – Patient receives an injection of medication near a cluster of nerves to numb only the area of the body that requires surgery, you may remain awake or receive a sedative.
Local Anesthesia – A local anesthetic is injected into the patient’s skin and tissue to numb a specific location.
What is Conscious Sedation?
Conscious sedation can be divided into three stages:
What is Monitored Anesthesia Care?
Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC) does not describe the continuum of depth of sedation, rather it describes a specific anesthesia service in which an anesthesia provider has been requested to participate in the care of a patient undergoing a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure.